All Pets Veterinary Medical Center Dogs and Puppies
All Pets Veterinary Medical Center is an AAHA (American Animal Hospital Association) Accredited Practice. As an AAHA Accredited Practice, All Pets Medical provides the best in veterinary care in the Bryan / College Station area. Our caring and attentive team is attentive to your dog and or puppy's specific needs and works with your pet to make his or her visit a comfortable experience.
Young puppies and adult dogs have specific healthcare and environmental requirements to live happy healthy lives. Dr. Rupley and our team is committed to the whole well-being of your dog including at-home lifestyle, past medical history, and current health. We recommend thorough annual preventative exams, vaccinations, and routine blood testing as part of your dog’s comprehensive wellness plan. The caring and attentive team at All Pets strives to inform you as a pet owner to make the best and most informed decisions so that you and your dog enjoy the best quality of life together.
Dog and Puppy Physical Exams
Dr. Rupley will thoroughly examine your pet from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail and assess his or her overall health. This exam inspects the health of the heart, lungs, skin, teeth and mouth, vision/eyes/ears and lymph nodes along with assessing current behavior, diet, and past medical history. We want only healthy dogs and puppies in the College Station/Bryan area!
Ideally, the first appointment should be the day you bring your new puppy home. A Comprehensive Physical Exam is important to detect abnormalities that may not be observed at home. Just as with people, a physical examination may be the most important component of the visit, allowing the doctor to completely examine your pet and discuss any medical problems found.
A Comprehensive Physical Exam is recommended every six months in senior dogs. Older pets, like older humans, are prone to heart, kidney, and other organ malfunction. Regular check-ups and routine laboratory tests are essential to catch these conditions early.
Heartworm Prevention for your Dog
Both indoor and outdoor dogs / puppies are exposed to mosquitoes which transmit heartworm disease. In our region of the Brazos County, heartworm transmission is common.
While treatable, a heartworm infection will reduce your dog's quality of life. Indoor dogs are still susceptible to infection as it takes just one mosquito to transmit this disease. We recommend year-round protection. Custom and cost-effective prevention for dogs and puppies is available through our clinic!
Our focus in on wellness care, so we have made it a priority to provide high quality affordable vaccinations to ensure that your pet gets the protection it needs to live a long, healthy life. Vaccinations are important to protect your pet from many serious illnesses. Our core vaccinations are Rabies, DA2PLP (Distemper / Hepatitis / Parvovirus / Leptospirosis / Parainfluenza combination), and Bordetella (also called Kennel Cough).
When a puppy is born, its immune system is not yet mature; the puppy is wide open for infection. Fortunately, nature has a system of protection. The mother produces specific milk in the first few days after giving birth. This milk is called colostrum and is rich in all the antibodies that the mother has to offer. As the puppies drink this milk, they will be taking in their mother's immunity. After the first couple of days, regular milk is produced and the puppy's intestines undergo what is called closure, which means they are no longer able to take antibodies into their systems. These first two days are critical to determining what kind of immunity the puppy will receive until its own system can take over.
How long this maternal antibody lasts in a given puppy is totally individual. It can depend on the birth order of the puppies, how well they nursed, and a number of other factors. Maternal antibodies against different diseases wear off after different times. We do know that by 16 to 20 weeks of age, maternal antibodies are gone and the puppy must be able continue on its own immune system.
While maternal immunity is in the puppy's system, any vaccines given will be inactivated. Vaccines will not be able to "take" until maternal antibody has sufficiently dropped. Puppies receive a series of vaccines ending at a time when we know the puppy's own immune system should be able to respond. We could simply wait until the puppy is old enough to definitely respond as we do with the rabies vaccination but this could leave a large window of vulnerability if the maternal antibody wanes early. To give puppies the best chance of responding to vaccination, we vaccinate intermittently (usually every 2 to 4 weeks) during this period, in hope of gaining some early protection.
When a vaccine against a specific disease is started for the first time, even in adult pet, it is best to give at least two vaccinations. This is because the second vaccination will produce a much greater (logarithmically greater) response if it is following a vaccine given 2 to 4 weeks prior.
Rabies is extremely fatal and can also be transmitted to humans. There were at least 952 positive cases of Rabies in Texas in 2015. This is a legally required core vaccine for dogs, cats, and ferrets.
An initial rabies vaccination series starts at 12 weeks of age or older, followed by another vaccination after one year. It is then recommended to receive a rabies vaccination every 3 years.
The DA2PLP vaccine helps protect against Distemper, Adenovirus,
Parvovirus, Leptospirosis and Parainfluenza. Canine Distemper has no
known cure and effects both dogs and ferrets (as well as wildlife).
Distemper combination series starts at 6 weeks of age, followed by 1-2 boosters (depending on age) separated by 3 week intervals and a booster is given one year later. Re-vaccinating is recommended every 3 years.
Leptospirosis is an infection of bacterial spirochetes, which dogs acquire when subspecies of the Leptospira interrogans penetrate the skin and spread through the body by way of the bloodstream. This can lead to fever, joint pain and general malaise for your pet. Inflammation and even kidney failure can also develop.
An initial Leptospirosis vaccination is given to your puppy at 6 weeks of age or older and again 3 weeks later. A yearly booster is recommended.
The first type of virus that causes canine flu was first identified in Florida in 2004. It primarily infects the respiratory system and is extremely contagious. A vaccine was granted full license by the United States Department of Agriculture in 2009. Some dogs can be exposed to the virus and fight off infection without showing clinical signs. The Influenza Vaccination is recommended if there is exposure to other dogs.
The initial Influenza vaccination is given to your puppy at 6 weeks of age and then again 3 weeks later. A yearly booster is recommended to maintain protection.
Commonly known as "Kennel Cough", Bordetella is a highly contagious respiratory disease transmitted between infected dogs in close quarters (boarding facilities, groomers). The illness is typified by inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. Young puppies and elderly dogs are at the highest risk due to their underdeveloped immune systems. The first vaccine is administered at 6 weeks, and optimal protection is gained by re-vaccinating every 6 months while there is exposure.
Laboratory Testing and Disease Screening for Dogs
Intestinal Parasite Screen
A test to detect intestinal parasites that threaten your pet's health. Regular microscopic examination of your pet's stool should be done for early detection and treatment. People can get roundworm, hookworm, coccidia, and giardia infections from their pets.A fecal float and fecal direct smear test your pet’s dropping for evidence of parasites and/or parasite eggs.
Fecal flotation is the most common form of fecal analysis for intestinal parasites. Eggs of intestinal worms and protozoa are separated from the fecal material by a special solution which is mixed with the feces. This solution also makes the eggs float to the top for collection and microscopic analysis. Fecal direct smear is a test that is done to detect bacteria, white blood cells, and protozoan parasites. This test is usually performed on pets with vomiting or diarrhea, and all pets under six months of age.
The dog is a natural host for heartworms, which means that heartworms that live inside the dog mature into adults, mate and produce offspring. This disease can result in lung disease, heart failure and other organ damage, as well as death. It is caused by a parasitic worm (fairly large-up to 14" long) spread through a mosquito bite. For this reason, prevention is by far the best option, and treatment when needed should be administered as early in the course of the disease as possible.
An antibody test for heartworm disease should be performed on your dog each year. The health and safety of you and your pet is our number one priority here at All Pets Veterinary Medical Center and we encourage yearly heartworm testing beginning at 7 months of age.
Complete Blood Count
A complete blood count (CBC) provides detailed information on the red blood cell counts, white blood cell counts and platelets. The total white blood cell counts and individual cell counts can indicate leukemia, stress, inflammation or an inability to fight infection. Low platelet numbers can indicate a bleeding problem. The hematocrit level is also checked, which provides information on the amount of red blood cells present in the blood. A low hematocrit indicates anemia (low red blood cells or hemoglobin).
A chemistry panel tests for multiple chemical constituents within one sample. These blood chemistries check for elevations in enzymes that can detect diseases of the liver, kidneys, pancreas, and intestines. Increased levels of some values can be an indicator of certain types of disease. Veterinary blood work is recommended for puppies (even if suspected to be completely healthy) to establish what is "normal" for your pet in case we ever need to compare those values when they are ill.
A urinalysis helps to evaluate the function of the kidneys and the quality of the urine produced. A urinalysis usually consists of three parts; examining the physical sample, a dipstick analysis to evaluate the presence of certain substances, and microscopic examination of the sediment. A urinalysis can evaluate for pyuria (white blood cells in the urine), hematuria (blood in the urine), crystalluria (crystals in the urine), bacturia (bacteria in the urine), the presence of abnormal amounts of glucose, ketones and protein, and urine concentration.
Radiography is an imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation to see the internal structures of a non-transparent object such as your senior dog. Heart disease, cancers, and fractures can all be detected through the use of radiographic imaging (X-rays). In addition to our on-site doctor's review, All Pets Veterinary sends all radiographs to a board certified specialist.
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can suggest an underlying issue such as a disease of the kidneys, eyes or nervous system. Secondary hypertension accounts for about 80% of all hypertension cases. It can be caused by several factors, including renal disease, hormonal fluctuation, and hyperthyroidism.
Tonometry (Eye Pressure Testing)
Tonometry screens for glaucoma and other eye disorders by testing the intraocular pressure of each eye of your senior dog. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the pressure exerted against the outer layers of the eyeball. Glaucoma is the buildup of fluid within the eye, and in cases of high pressure, can lead to damage of the optic nerve and thus, vision loss. Low IOP can be also be associated with dehydration.
Additional Testing Available
A titer is a measurement of how much antibody your dog produces that recognizes a particular virus. It indicates whether or not a vaccine needs to be administered. If a high amount of the antibody that recognizes Distemper is present, re-vaccination is not necessary.
Total T4 and Cholesterol
Hypothyroidism is a condition of inadequate active thyroid hormone. A common human ailment, it is the most common hormone imbalance suffered by senior dogs. A T4 and cholesterol panel will detect an overactive thyroid gland in your senior dog.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
A thyroid stimulating hormone is used in conjunction with other testing to diagnose an overactive or under-active thyroid gland in dogs. Thyroid testing is very important in older dogs.